1.1 / May 20, 2016
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Description

An Algerian Constitution was first adopted byareferendum in 1963, following the Algerian War ofIndependence(1954-62); originally, it was to be drafted by aconstitutionalassembly led by Ferhat Abbas, but this body wassidelined byAlgeria's first President, Ahmed Ben Bella. In its 1963form, theconstitution declared Algeria a one-party state ruled bythe formerresistance movement, the National Liberation Front (FLN).Thisconstitution was suspended by the military coup d'état of1965.After years of ruling by executive fiat as leader oftheRevolutionary Council, Houari Boumédienne issued asecondconstitution in 1976, emphasizing the importance of socialismand -formally - restoring political institutions to their primacyoverthe military establishment. (Boumédienne was then electedthecountry's second president, after having left the post vacantforeleven years.)
In 1986, Boumedienne's successor Chadli Bendjedid modifiedtheconstitution to allow for free-market reforms, and, after the1988October Riots, brought in a new constitution in 1988. Thiswasapproved in a referendum by 73% on 23 February 1989. Itintroduceda multi-party system, removing the FLN from its role asleadingparty, and made no mention of socialism; instead itpromised"freedom of expression, association, and assembly". A 1992militarycoup introduced a state of emergency, which suspended partsof thenew constitution, as the Algerian Civil War began.
In 1996, the constitution was further modified, allowingtheformation of political parties not "founded on areligious,linguistic, racial, sex, corporatist or regional basis"orviolating "the fundamental liberties, the fundamental valuesandcomponents of the national identity, the national unity,thesecurity and integrity of the national territory, theindependenceof the country and the People’s sovereignty as well asthedemocratic and republican nature of the State."
A further proposed revision, believed to be intended to removethepresidential term limit (Article 74) to allow the President torunfor office indefinitely often, was discussed during 2006 byPrimeMinister Abdelaziz Belkhadem's government. This was widelyseen tobe instigated by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who hadbeenelected to his second and, constitutionally, final mandate in2004.Other changes discussed concerned a move towards apresidentialsystem, introducing the post of Vice President amongotherthings.
The constitution was modified in 2008 updated constitution

App Information Constitution of Algeria

  • App Name
    Constitution of Algeria
  • Package Name
    com.worldconstitutions.algeria
  • Updated
    May 20, 2016
  • File Size
    2.2M
  • Requires Android
    Android 2.2 and up
  • Version
    1.1
  • Developer
    World Constitutions
  • Installs
    10 - 50
  • Price
    Free
  • Category
    Books & Reference
  • Developer
  • Google Play Link

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An Algerian Constitution was first adopted byareferendum in 1963, following the Algerian War ofIndependence(1954-62); originally, it was to be drafted by aconstitutionalassembly led by Ferhat Abbas, but this body wassidelined byAlgeria's first President, Ahmed Ben Bella. In its 1963form, theconstitution declared Algeria a one-party state ruled bythe formerresistance movement, the National Liberation Front (FLN).Thisconstitution was suspended by the military coup d'état of1965.After years of ruling by executive fiat as leader oftheRevolutionary Council, Houari Boumédienne issued asecondconstitution in 1976, emphasizing the importance of socialismand -formally - restoring political institutions to their primacyoverthe military establishment. (Boumédienne was then electedthecountry's second president, after having left the post vacantforeleven years.)In 1986, Boumedienne's successor Chadli Bendjedid modifiedtheconstitution to allow for free-market reforms, and, after the1988October Riots, brought in a new constitution in 1988. Thiswasapproved in a referendum by 73% on 23 February 1989. Itintroduceda multi-party system, removing the FLN from its role asleadingparty, and made no mention of socialism; instead itpromised"freedom of expression, association, and assembly". A 1992militarycoup introduced a state of emergency, which suspended partsof thenew constitution, as the Algerian Civil War began.In 1996, the constitution was further modified, allowingtheformation of political parties not "founded on areligious,linguistic, racial, sex, corporatist or regional basis"orviolating "the fundamental liberties, the fundamental valuesandcomponents of the national identity, the national unity,thesecurity and integrity of the national territory, theindependenceof the country and the People’s sovereignty as well asthedemocratic and republican nature of the State."A further proposed revision, believed to be intended to removethepresidential term limit (Article 74) to allow the President torunfor office indefinitely often, was discussed during 2006 byPrimeMinister Abdelaziz Belkhadem's government. This was widelyseen tobe instigated by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who hadbeenelected to his second and, constitutionally, final mandate in2004.Other changes discussed concerned a move towards apresidentialsystem, introducing the post of Vice President amongotherthings.The constitution was modified in 2008 updated constitution
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