Cigars Puzzle 1.1
A cigar is a tightly-rolled bundle of driedandfermented tobacco that is ignited so that its smoke may bedrawninto the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significantquantities inBrazil, Cameroon, Cuba, the Dominican Republic,Honduras, Indonesia,Mexico, Nicaragua, the Philippines, CanaryIslands (Spain), and theEastern United States.The word "cigar" originated from sikar, the Yucatec Mayanwordfor smoking, which became cigarro in Spanish, probably fromtheMayan sikar ("to smoke rolled tobacco leaves" – fromsik,"tobacco;") or from the Spanish word cigarra("grasshopper").However, the word itself, and variations on it, didnot come intogeneral use until 1730. New names for cigars include"Jules","Havana", "Vitole" and "Puro". An older alternatespelling is"segar", not uncommon in 19th century signsandadvertisements.
Neil Hodgson Ducati Puzzle 1.23
Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. is an Italiancompany that designs and manufactures motorcycles. Headquartered inBologna, Italy, Ducati is owned by Audi through its Italiansubsidiary Lamborghini.In 1926 three brothers, Adriano, Marcello, and Bruno Ducati;founded Societa Scientifica Radio Brevetti Ducati in Bologna toproduce vacuum tubes, condensers and other radio components,becoming successful enough by 1935 to construct a new factory inthe Borgo Panigale area of the city. Production was maintainedduring World War II, despite the Ducati factory being a repeatedtarget for Allied bombing.Meanwhile, at the small Turinese firm SIATA (Societa Italiana perApplicazioni Tecniche Auto-Aviatorie), Aldo Farinelli begandeveloping a small pushrod engine for mounting on bicycles. Barelya month after the official liberation of Italy in 1944, SIATAannounced its intention to sell this engine, called the "Cucciolo"(Italian for "puppy," in reference to the distinctive exhaustsound) to the public. The first Cucciolos were available alone, tobe mounted on standard bicycles, by the buyer; however, businessmensoon bought the little engines in quantity, and offered completemotorized-bicycle units for sale.In 1950, after more than 200,000 Cucciolos had been sold, incollaboration with SIATA, the Ducati firm finally offered its ownCucciolo-based motorcycle. This first Ducati motorcycle was a 48 ccbike weighing 98 lb (44 kg) with a top speed of 40 mph (64 km/h)had a 15 mm carburetor giving just under 200 mpg-US (1.2 L/100 km;240 mpg-imp).
Hummer Puzzle 1.1
Hummer was a brand of trucks and SUVs,firstmarketed in 1992 when AM General began selling a civilianversionof the M998 Humvee. In 1998, General Motors (GM) purchasedthebrand name and marketed three vehicles: the original HummerH1,based on the Humvee; and the H2 and H3 models that were basedonsmaller, civilian-market GM platforms.By 2008, Hummer's viability in the economic downturn wasbeingquestioned, and it was placed under review by GM management.Ratherthan being transferred to Motors Liquidation Company as partof theGM bankruptcy in 2009, the brand was retained by GM, in ordertoinvestigate its sale.In 2009, a Chinese manufacturer, Sichuan TengzhongHeavyIndustrial Machinery Company, announced that it wouldacquireHummer, pending government approvals, but later withdrewitsbid. On February 24, 2010, Reuters reported that theChineseministry of commerce had prevented the deal, although aministryspokesperson denied rejecting the application, which hadbeenstalled for eight months. At the end of February, GeneralMotorsannounced it would begin dismantling the Hummer brand.Although the automaker announced two days later that it hadbeenapproached with new offers, by April 2010, any salebecameunlikely, as inventory was depleted and Hummer dealershipsbeganshutting down. After filling a rental-car fleet order, thelastHummer H3 rolled off the line at Shreveport on May 24,2010.
Valentine day Puzzle 1.1
Saint Valentine's Day, commonly knownasValentine's Day, or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is observedonFebruary 14 each year. It is celebrated in many countriesaroundthe world, although it remains a working day in most of them.St. Valentine's Day began as a liturgical celebration of oneormore early Christian saints named Valentinus. The mostpopularmartyrology associated with Saint Valentine was that hewasimprisoned for performing weddings for soldiers who wereforbiddento marry and for ministering to Christians, who werepersecutedunder the Roman Empire; during his imprisonment, he issaid to havehealed the daughter of his jailer Asterius. Legendstates thatbefore his execution he wrote "from your Valentine" as afarewellto her.Today, Saint Valentine's Day is an official feastday in theAnglican Communion,as well as in the Lutheran Church. TheEasternOrthodox Church also celebrates Saint Valentine's Day,albeit onJuly 6th and July 30th, the former date in honor of theRomanpresbyter Saint Valentine, and the latter date in honorofHieromartyr Valentine, the Bishop of Interamna (modernTerni).The day was first associated with romantic love in the circleofGeoffrey Chaucer in the High Middle Ages, when the traditionofcourtly love flourished. By the 15th century, it had evolvedintoan occasion in which lovers expressed their love for each otherbypresenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sendinggreetingcards (known as "valentines"). Valentine's Daysymbols thatare used today include the heart-shaped outline, doves,and thefigure of the winged Cupid. Since the 19th century,handwrittenvalentines have given way to mass-produced greetingcards.
Hand Painted Train Puzzle 1.23
A train is a connected series of rail vehiclespropelled along a track (or "permanent way") to transport cargo orpassengers.Motive power is provided by a separate locomotive or individualmotors in self-propelled multiple units. Although historicallysteam propulsion dominated, the most common modern forms are dieseland electric locomotives, the latter supplied by overhead wires oradditional rails. Other energy sources include horses, rope orwire, gravity, pneumatics, batteries, and gas turbines.Train tracks usually consists of two, three or four rails, with alimited number of monorails and maglev guideways in the mix.The word 'train' comes from the Old French trahiner, from the Latintrahere 'pull, draw'.
Tokyo Tower Puzzle 1.23
Tokyo Tower (東京タワー Tōkyō tawā?) is acommunications and observation tower located in Shiba Park, Minato,Tokyo, Japan. At 333 metres (1,093 ft), it is the second-tallestartificial structure in Japan. The structure is an EiffelTower-inspired lattice tower that is painted white andinternational orange to comply with air safety regulations.Built in 1958, the tower's main sources of revenue are tourism andantenna leasing. Over 150 million people have visited the towersince its opening. FootTown, a four-storey building locateddirectly under the tower, houses museums, restaurants and shops.Departing from there, guests can visit two observation decks. Thetwo-storey Main Observatory is located at 150 metres (490 ft),while the smaller Special Observatory reaches a height of 250metres (820 ft).The tower acts as a support structure for an antenna. Originallyintended for television broadcasting, radio antennas were installedin 1961, but the tower is now used to broadcast signals forJapanese media outlets such as NHK, TBS and Fuji TV. Japan'splanned digital television transition by July 2011 was problematic,however; Tokyo Tower's height (333 meters) was not high enough toadequately support complete terrestrial digital broadcasting to thearea. A taller digital broadcasting tower, known as Tokyo Skytree,was completed on February 29, 2012.
Okinawa Puzzle 1.23
Okinawa Island (沖縄本島 Okinawa-hontō?,alternatively 沖縄島 Okinawa-jima; Okinawan: ウチナー Uchinaa; Kunigami:フチナー Fuchinaa) is the largest of the Okinawa Islands and the Ryukyu(Nansei) Islands of Japan, and is home to Naha, the capital ofOkinawa Prefecture. The island has an area of 1,201.03 squarekilometers (463.72 sq mi). It is roughly 640 kilometres (400 mi)south of the rest of Japan.The island's population is known as the longest-lived people in theworld; there are 34 centenarians per 100,000 people, which is morethan three times the rate in the United States.
Desert Puzzle 1.23
A desert is a landscape or region thatreceives an extremely low amount of precipitation, less than enoughto support growth of most plants. Most deserts have an averageannual precipitation of less than 400 millimetres (16 in). Acommon definition distinguishes between true deserts, which receiveless than 250 millimetres (10 in) of average annual precipitation,and semideserts or steppes, which receive between 250 millimetres(10 in) and 400 to 500 millimetres (16 to 20 in).Deserts can also be described as areas where more water is lost byevapotranspiration than falls as precipitation. In the Köppenclimate classification system, deserts are classed as BWh (hotdesert) or BWk (temperate desert). In the Thornthwaite climateclassification system, deserts would be classified as aridmegathermal climates.
Yamaha Motorcycle Puzzle 1.23
Yamaha Motor Company Limited (ヤマハ発動機株式会社Yamaha Hatsudōki KK?, IPA: [jamaha] /ˈjɑːməhɑː/), is a Japanesemotorized vehicle-producing company. Yamaha Motor is part of YamahaCorporation and its headquarter is located in Iwata, Shizuoka.Along with expanding Yamaha Corporation into the world's biggestpiano maker, then Yamaha CEO Genichi Kawakami took Yamaha into thefield of motorized vehicles on July 1, 1955. The company'sintensive research into metal alloys for use in acoustic pianos hadgiven Yamaha wide knowledge of the making of lightweight, yetsturdy and reliable metal constructions. This knowledge was easilyapplied to the making of metal frames and motor parts formotorcycles. Yamaha Motor produces motorcycles, all-terrainvehicles, boats, marine engines including outboards, automobileengines, personal watercraft and snowmobiles.The Yamaha corporate logo is composed of three tuning forks placedon top of each other in a triangular pattern.In 2000, Toyota and Yamaha Corporation made a capital alliance inwhich Toyota paid Yamaha Corporation ¥10.5 billion for a 5 per centshare in Yamaha Motor Company, while Yamaha and Yamaha Motor eachbought 500,000 shares of Toyota stock in return.Yamaha Motor Company was founded by Torakusu Yamaha (in Japanese 山葉寅楠 Yamaha Torakusu); 山葉 Yamaha means "mountain leaf".