1.0.0 / December 1, 2017
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Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by theonset of high blood pressure and often a significant amount ofprotein in the urine. The condition begins after 20 weeks ofpregnancy. In severe disease there may be red blood cell breakdown,a low blood platelet count, impaired liver function, kidneydysfunction, swelling, shortness of breath due to fluid in thelungs, or visual disturbances. Pre-eclampsia increases the risk ofpoor outcomes for both the mother and the baby. If left untreated,it may result in seizures at which point it is known aseclampsia.Risk factors for pre-eclampsia include obesity, priorhypertension, older age, and diabetes mellitus. It is also morefrequent in a woman's first pregnancy and if she is carrying twins.The underlying mechanism involves abnormal formation of bloodvessels in the placenta amongst other factors. Most cases arediagnosed before delivery. Rarely, pre-eclampsia may begin in theperiod after delivery. While historically both high blood pressureand protein in the urine were required to make the diagnosis, somedefinitions also include those with hypertension and any associatedorgan dysfunction. Blood pressure is defined as high when it isgreater than 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic at two separatetimes, more than four hours apart in a woman after twenty weeks ofpregnancy. Pre-eclampsia is routinely screened for during prenatalcare.

App Information Preeclampsia Disease

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    Preeclampsia Disease
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  • Updated
    December 1, 2017
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    Android 4.1 and up
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    Health & Fitness
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Hypothyroidism Disease 1.0.0 APK
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, isa common disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroidgland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It can cause anumber of symptoms, such as poor ability to tolerate cold, afeeling of tiredness, constipation, depression, and weight gain.Occasionally there may be swelling of the front part of the neckdue to goitre. Untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy can leadto delays in growth and intellectual development in the baby, whichis called cretinism. Worldwide, too little iodine in the diet isthe most common cause of hypothyroidism. In countries with enoughiodine in the diet, the most common cause of hypothyroidism is theautoimmune condition Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Less common causesinclude: previous treatment with radioactive iodine, injury to thehypothalamus or the anterior pituitary gland, certain medications,a lack of a functioning thyroid at birth, or previous thyroidsurgery. The diagnosis of hypothyroidism, when suspected, can beconfirmed with blood tests measuring thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH) and thyroxine levels.
Cryptosporidium Disease 1.0.0 APK
Cryptosporidiosis, also known as crypto, is a parasitic diseasecaused by Cryptosporidium, a genus of protozoan parasites in thephylum Apicomplexa. It affects the distal small intestine and canaffect the respiratory tract in both immunocompetent (i.e.,individuals with a normal functioning immune system) andimmunocompromised (e.g., persons with HIV/AIDS or autoimmunedisorders) individuals, resulting in watery diarrhea with orwithout an unexplained cough. In immunocompromised individuals, thesymptoms are particularly severe and can be fatal. It is primarilyspread through the fecal-oral route, often through contaminatedwater; recent evidence suggests that it can also be transmitted viafomites in respiratory secretions. Cryptosporidium is the organismmost commonly isolated in HIV-positive patients presenting withdiarrhea.[medical citation needed] Despite not being identifieduntil 1976, it is one of the most common waterborne diseases and isfound worldwide. The parasite is transmitted by environmentallyhardy microbial cysts (oocysts) that, once ingested, sporozoiteswithin oocysts excyst (i.e., are released) and result in aninfection of intestinal epithelial tissue.
Kyphosis Disease 1.0.0 APK
Kyphosis (from Greek κυφός kyphos, a hump) is an abnormallyexcessive convex kyphotic curvature of the spine as it occurs inthe cervical, thoracic and sacral regions. (Abnormal inward concavelordotic curving of the cervical and lumbar regions of the spine iscalled lordosis.) Kyphosis can be called roundback or Kelso'shunchback. It can result from degenerative diseases such asarthritis; developmental problems, most commonly Scheuermann'sdisease; osteoporosis with compression fractures of the vertebra;multiple myeloma or trauma. A normal thoracic spine extends fromthe 1st to the 12th vertebra and should have a slight kyphoticangle, ranging from 20° to 45°. When the "roundness" of the upperspine increases past 45° it is called kyphosis or "hyperkyphosis".Scheuermann's kyphosis is the most classic form of hyperkyphosisand is the result of wedged vertebrae that develop duringadolescence. The cause is not currently known and the conditionappears to be multifactorial and is seen more frequently in malesthan females. In the sense of a deformity, it is the pathologicalcurving of the spine, where parts of the spinal column lose some orall of their lordotic profile. This causes a bowing of the back,seen as a slouching posture.
Crohns Disease 1.0.0 APK
Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) thatmay affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth toanus. Signs and symptoms often include abdominal pain, diarrhea(which may be bloody if inflammation is severe), fever, and weightloss. Other complications may occur outside the gastrointestinaltract and include anemia, skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation ofthe eye, and tiredness. The skin rashes may be due to infections aswell as pyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum. Bowel obstructionalso commonly occurs and those with the disease are at greater riskof bowel cancer.
Hypercalcemia Disease 1.0.0 APK
Hypercalcaemia, also spelled hypercalcemia, is a high calcium(Ca2+) level in the blood serum. The normal range is 2.1–2.6 mmol/L(8.8–10.7 mg/dL, 4.3–5.2 mEq/L) with levels greater than 2.6 mmol/Ldefined as hypercalcemia.Those with a mild increase that hasdeveloped slowly typically have no symptoms. In those with greaterlevels or rapid onset, symptoms may include abdominal pain, bonepain, confusion, depression, weakness, kidney stones, or anabnormal heart rhythm including cardiac arrest. Most cases are dueto primary hyperparathyroidism or cancer. Other causes includesarcoidosis, tuberculosis, Paget disease, multiple endocrineneoplasia (MEN), vitamin D toxicity, familial hypocalciurichypercalcaemia, and certain medications such as lithium andhydrochlorothiazide. Diagnosis should generally include either acorrected calcium or ionized calcium level and be confirmed after aweek. Specific changes, such as a shortened QT interval, may beseen on an electrocardiogram (ECG).
Bipolar Disorder 1.0.0 APK
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mentaldisorder that causes periods of depression and periods of elevatedmood. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania orhypomania, depending on its severity, or whether symptoms ofpsychosis are present. During mania, an individual behaves or feelsabnormally energetic, happy, or irritable. Individuals often makepoorly thought out decisions with little regard to theconsequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced during manicphases. During periods of depression, there may be crying, anegative outlook on life, and poor eye contact with others. Therisk of suicide among those with the illness is high at greaterthan 6 percent over 20 years, while self-harm occurs in 30–40percent. Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorders andsubstance use disorder are commonly associated.
Scleroderma Disease 1.0.0 APK
Scleroderma is a group of autoimmune diseases that may result inchanges to the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs.The disease can be either localized to the skin or involve otherorgans in addition to the skin. Symptoms may include areas ofthickened skin, stiffness, feeling tired, and poor blood flow tothe fingers or toes with cold exposure. One form of the condition,known as CREST syndrome, classically results in calcium deposits,Raynaud's syndrome, esophageal problems, thickening of the skin ofthe fingers and toes, and areas of small dilated blood vessels. Thecause is unknown. Risk factors include family history, certaingenetic factors, and exposure to silica. The underlying mechanisminvolves the abnormal growth of connective tissue which is believedto occur as a result of the body's immune system attacking healthytissues. Diagnosis is typically based on a persons symptoms and maybe supported by a skin biopsy or blood tests.
Psychosis Disorder 1.0.0 APK
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that involves a lossof contact with reality. People experiencing psychosis may exhibitpersonality changes and thought disorder. Depending on itsseverity, this may be accompanied by unusual or bizarre behavior,as well as difficulty with social interaction and impairment incarrying out daily life activities. Psychosis as a sign of apsychiatric disorder is a diagnosis of exclusion. That is, anew-onset episode of psychosis is not considered a symptom of apsychiatric disorder until other relevant and known causes ofpsychosis are properly excluded. Medical and biological laboratorytests should exclude central nervous system diseases and injuries,diseases and injuries of other organs, psychoactive substances, andtoxins as causes of symptoms of psychosis before any psychiatricillness can be diagnosed. In medical training, psychosis as a signof illness is often compared to fever since both can have multiplecauses that are not readily apparent.